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sinking of the uss monitor

A memorial to Monitor and her lost crew members was erected in the Civil War section of Hampton National Cemetery by NOAA's Office of National Marine Sanctuaries, together with the U.S. Navy and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, and dedicated on 29 December 2012. The berth deck below was also enlarged and raised by removing some of the side storerooms and placing them below, thus reducing the height of the interior which now barely allowed the crew to stand upright. USS Monitor; USS Monitor. She rounded Cape Charles around 3:00 pm on 8 March and entered Chesapeake Bay, reaching Hampton Roads at 9:00 pm, well after the first day's fighting in the Battle of Hampton Roads had concluded. [75] The USS Rhode Island in the background launches rescue boats. Accounts vary, some claim the battle lasted no more than three and a half hours, In a letter of 19 March 1862, to Captain A. The team announced their discovery on 8 March 1974. This is the dramatic first-person story of the loss of the historic Union ironclad ship Monitor in a gale off Cape Hatteras following the American Civil War. [121] Monitor did successfully defend Minnesota and the rest of the Union blockading force, while Virginia was unable to complete the destruction she started the previous day. Their flags were then hoisted "Union-side down" to taunt Monitor into a fight as they were towed back to Norfolk. By Mark St. John Erickson. [71] Yet Monitor was still able to challenge Virginia and prevent her from further destroying the remaining ships in the Union flotilla blockading Hampton Roads. [75] In Monitor's turret, Greene and Stodder supervised loading and firing of the two 11-inch Dahlgrens. [18] The Ironclad Board evaluated 17 different designs, but recommended only three for procurement on 16 September, including Ericsson's Monitor design. Bankhead called for volunteers to cut the towline. A Mini Rover ROV was used to provide visibility of the wreck and divers to the support staff above water. USS Monitor was the first ironclad warship commissioned by the United States Navy.She is most famous for her participation in the first-ever naval battle between two ironclad warships, the Battle of Hampton Roads on 9 March 1862, during the American Civil War, in which Monitor fought the ironclad CSS Virginia of the Confederate States Navy. [84], On 6 March 1862, the ship departed New York bound for Fort Monroe, Virginia, towed by the ocean-going tug Seth Low and accompanied by the gunboats Currituck and Sachem. When the firing was heard in the distance, Greene sent Keeler to the pilot house for permission to open fire as soon as possible where Worden ordered,[103][108] "Tell Mr. Greene not to fire till I give the word, to be cool and deliberate, to take sure aim and not waste a shot. On 27 August, Monitor was discovered 111 years after sinking, near Cape Hatteras at coordinates .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}35°0′6″N 75°24′23″W / 35.00167°N 75.40639°W / 35.00167; -75.40639Coordinates: 35°0′6″N 75°24′23″W / 35.00167°N 75.40639°W / 35.00167; -75.40639. Many of the men were on top of the turret. Under the command of John P. Bankhead, Monitor put to sea on 31 December, under tow from the steamship USS Rhode Island, as a heavy storm developed off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. A small armored pilot house was fitted on the upper deck towards the bow, however, its position prevented Monitor from firing her guns straight forward. In developing the ship, Ericsson obtained 240 patents for equipment, including 45 related just to its turret. The sonar images did not match what they expected the wreck to look like until they realized that the sinking vessel had turned over while descending and was resting at the bottom upside down. [43], The turret was intended to mount a pair of 15-inch (380 mm) smoothbore Dahlgren guns, but they were not ready in time and 11-inch (280 mm) guns were substituted. Merrimack, Fort Darling, etc. Realizing the ship was in serious trouble, Bankhead signaled Rhode Island for help and hoisted the red lantern next to Monitor's white running light atop the turret. [113][114] However, neither vessel was able to sink or seriously damage the other. [154] Monitor was finally taken out of dry dock on 26 October. [17] The two first met on 9 September and again on the following day, after Ericsson had time to evaluate Galena's design. The water level had risen to one inch in the engine room, and Captain Bankhead ordered Engineer Joseph Watters to put the Worthington pumps to work. [101], The next morning at about 6:00 am Virginia, accompanied by Jamestown, Patrick Henry and Teaser, got underway from Sewell's Point to finish off Minnesota and the rest of the blockaders, but were delayed sailing out into Hampton Roads because of heavy fog until about 8:00 am. The Sea Link was able to ferry divers down to the sunken vessel and retrieve small artifacts. [30] The engine used steam generated by two horizontal fire-tube boilers[31] at a maximum pressure of 40 psi (276 kPa; 3 kgf/cm2). Dana Greene remarked, "I do not consider this steamer a sea going vessel". [148] On 30 September the ironclad was sent to the Washington Navy Yard for repairs[149][150] arriving there on 3 October. That night, Monitor arrived and, just as Virginia set to finish off Minnesota and St. Lawrence on the second day, the new Union ironclad confronted the Confederate ship, preventing her from wreaking further destruction on the wooden Union ships. Sinking of the USS Monitor. [88] One fireman was able to punch a hole in the fan box, drain the water, and restart the fan. The Navy did not find it necessary to commission a board of inquiry to investigate the affair and took no action against Bankhead or any of his officers. [74] Before Worden was allowed to select, assemble, and commit a crew to Monitor, the vessel had to be completed. Monitor was also unable to do significant damage to Virginia, possibly because her guns were firing with reduced charges, on advice from Commander John Dahlgren, the gun's designer, who lacked the "preliminary information" needed to determine what amount of charge was needed to "pierce, dislocate or dislodge iron plates" of various thicknesses and configurations. On December 31st 1862 at 1:30am the Monitor sank during a storm off of Cape Hatteras taking 16 of her crew with her. The ships were conceived as harbor defense ships with little need to leave port. The distance between the two ships had increased considerably, and Browne's cutter was almost unmanageable. Four officers and twelve crewmen were lost. SEE THE GREENPOINT MONITOR MUSEUM'S LEGACY GRANT PRE-PROPOSAL Tamara is an active cave, rebreather, and technical diving instructor with Diversions Scuba in Madison, Wisconsin and has worked as a photographer, researcher, and research diver on projects including the USS Monitor with NOAA National Marine Sanctuaries and RMS Titanic with Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. [138][139] Monitor was now part of a flotilla under the command of Admiral John Rodgers aboard Galena, and, along with three other gunboats, steamed up the James River and engaged the Confederate batteries at Drewry's Bluff. [134] In a further attempt to entice Monitor closer to the Confederate side, so she could be boarded, the James River Squadron moved in and captured three merchant ships, the brigs Marcus and Sabout, and the schooner Catherine T. Others would throw combustibles down the ventilation openings and smoke holes. Sinking of the Ironclad USS Monitor Index | Home. In a letter dated 27 April 1862 Lieutenant Commander O.C. Seated in chairs, middle row, left to right: [6] It was France that introduced the first operational armored ships as well as the first shell guns and rifled cannons. The two boats scraped heavily as they passed, catching Weeks' right hand between the two, crushing three fingers and wrenching his arm "from its socket....". That day, Monitor was made ready for sea, her crew under strict orders not to discuss the impending voyage with anyone, but bad weather delayed her departure until 29 December. He then ordered the anchor dropped to stop the ship's rolling and pitching with little effect, making it no easier for the rescue boats to get close enough to receive her crew. In 2000 the divers shored up the port side of the hull with bags of grout, installed the engine recovery system, an external framework to which the engine would be attached, in preparation for the next season, and made over five times as many dives as they had the previous season. Their power cut, the Monitor and the Rhode Island were drifting dangerously close together. Assistant Secretary Fox, who observed the entire battle from aboard Minnesota, came aboard Monitor and jokingly told her officers, "Well gentlemen, you don't look as though you just went through one of the greatest naval conflicts on record". 3 Comments. [86] Both Newton and Stimers worked desperately to get the blowers to work, but they too succumbed to the noxious fumes and were taken above. The Monitor's commander, J.P. Bankhead, signaled the USS Rhode Island, towing his ship, that he wished to abandon ship. Leaks were beginning to appear everywhere. [202] As of 2013, conservation of the engine, its components, the turret and the guns continues. The Union Navy advertised for proposals for "iron-clad steam vessels of war" on 7 August and Welles appointed three senior officers as the Ironclad Board the following day. She had managed to fire forty-one shots from her pair of Dahlgren guns. ", Stevens previously served as commander of, In the actual engravings the men's names are inscribed below those of the ships' names. [195] Among the most promising of the 16 candidates were crew members Jacob Nicklis, Robert Williams and William Bryan,[196][197][198][199] but a decade passed without their identities being discovered. Both ships were constantly in motion, maintaining a circular pattern. Each gun was crewed by eight men. Hull plates had to be removed to access the engine compartment and both the engine and the condenser had to be separated from the ship, the surrounding wreckage and each other. This was usually concreted coal as one of the ship's coal bunkers had ruptured and dumped most of its contents into the turret. [118], Towards the end of the engagement, Worden directed Williams to steer Monitor around the stern of Confederate ironclad, where Lieutenant Wood fired Virginia's 7-inch Brooke gun at Monitor's pilothouse, striking the forward side directly beneath the sight hold, cracking the structural "iron log" along the base of the narrow opening just as Worden was peering out. In service, however, this proved to leak heavily, despite caulking by the crew. Maine. In closing he gave special thanks to Ericsson, Lincoln, Welles and all who made construction of Monitor possible. During the lull in the battle, Worden climbed through the gun port out onto the deck to get a better view of the overall situation. They sent a camera down to photograph the wreck, but the pictures were so fuzzy as to be useless; on a second attempt the camera snagged something on the wreck and was lost. Monitor was now a premier tourist attraction and the crowd was soon allowed on board to tour the vessel. [45], The top of the armored deck was only about 18 inches (460 mm) above the waterline. The Monitor's Design Made It Ill-Suited to the Open Ocean Depiction of the sinking of the Monitor off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. Many were now concerned Virginia would put to sea and begin bombarding cities such as New York while others feared she would ascend the Potomac River and attack Washington. Buchanan was commander of the Washington Navy Yard when the war broke out. However most of the time spent on the river was marked with inactivity and hot weather which had a negative effect on the morale of Monitor's crew. Neither ship had sustained any significant damage. The ship required ten officers: a commander, an executive officer, four engineers, one medical officer, two masters and a paymaster. Water had also reached the coalbunkers, and the coal was growing too wet to keep up the steam in the engines. [99][100] By midnight, under the cover of darkness, Monitor quietly pulled up alongside and behind the Minnesota and waited. A boat is taking off crewmen, and USS … Sometimes she would drop into a wave with such force the entire hull would tremble. While the above statement was fiction, the Monitor – which was full with a crew of 65 – could not accept every contraband who escaped slavery and came to their ship. A large blower that operated with its own engine was installed which drew fresh air down through the pilothouse. Undated photograph showing a scale model of the USS Monitor by Floyd Houston. Ericsson, however, preferred to revise the steering gear by adding an extra set of pulleys as he believed it would take less time. Others in the pilothouse had also been hit with fragments and were also bleeding. His modification proved to be successful during trials on 4 March. (Courtesy Monitor Collection, NOAA), Louis N. Stodder. [140] After a near four-hour artillery duel and sustaining numerous hits overall, the flotilla was unable to neutralize the fortification and had to turn back.      I am too unwell to dictate more than a short sad answer to your note. This was the first battle fought between armored warships and marked a turning point in naval warfare. Master Louis Stodder, Boatswain's Mate John Stocking, and Quarter Gunner James Fenwick climbed down the turret, but eyewitnesses said that Fenwick and Stocking were swept overboard and drowned. The only way to see out of the turret was through the gun ports; when the guns were not in use, or withdrawn for reloading during battle, heavy iron port stoppers would swing down into place to close the gunports. Library of Congress. Several cranes were also added while interior improvements were made making the confining environment more livable. [72], During the "boom time" of the Civil War, Ericsson could have made a fortune with his inventions used in Monitor, but instead gave the U.S. government all his Monitor patent rights saying it was his "contribution to the glorious Union cause".[73]. [22], Monitor was an unusual vessel in almost every respect and was sometimes sarcastically described by the press and other critics as "Ericsson's folly", "cheesebox on a raft"[23][24] and the "Yankee cheesebox". [184] Research continued and artifacts continued to be recovered, including the ship's 1,500-pound (680 kg) anchor in 1983. [154][157] Stanchions were also installed around the perimeter of the freeboard with a rope strung through each making it safer to walk about the deck amid stormy weather and rough seas. He was taken below to recover and relieved by Stimers. Monitor and the C.S.S. Acting Volunteer Lieutenant William Flye; and [d] Ericsson's guarantee of delivery in 100 days proved to be decisive in choosing his design despite the risk involved. [208] A vandal doused it with white paint on 7 January 2013. Two days later, Selfridge was in turn relieved by Lieutenant William Nicholson Jeffers on 15 May 1862. There were also artillery batteries at Fort Darling overlooking and guarding the approach, along with other heavy guns and sharpshooters positioned along the river banks. He was taken directly to Fort Monroe for preliminary treatment, then to a hospital in Washington shortly thereafter.[128]. [170][171][n] Bankhead, Greene and Stodder barely managed to get clear of the sinking vessel and survived the ordeal,[166] but suffered from exposure from the icy winter sea. [81], Many details of Monitor's history and insights of everyday crew life have been discovered from correspondence sent from the various crew members to family and friends while serving aboard the ironclad. Ericsson assured the board his ship would float exclaiming, "The sea shall ride over her and she shall live in it like a duck". Shortly after Monitor withdrew, Virginia had run aground at which time Jones came down from the spar deck only to find the gun crews not returning fire. By November the ship was fully repaired and ready to return to service. On December 31, 1862, the USS Monitor, sank during a storm off the coast of Cape Hatteras. Monitor had a tonnage of 776 tons burthen and displaced 987 long tons (1,003 t). [27], After the duel between the two ironclads at Hampton Roads there was concern by some Navy officials who witnessed the battle that Monitor's design might allow for easy boarding by the Confederates. The U.S.S. Bankhead ordered the engineers to start the Worthington pumps, which temporarily stemmed the rising waters, but soon Monitor was hit by a squall and a series of violent waves and water continued to work its way into the vessel. He took "one lingering look and ... left the Monitor's cabin forever." Her keel was laid the same day. Sinking of the USS Monitor. As a result of the duel between the two ironclads, Monitor had been struck twenty-two times, including nine hits to the turret and two hits to the pilothouse. [177], Interest in locating the ship revived in the early 1970s and Duke University, the National Geographic Society and the National Science Foundation sponsored an expedition in August 1973 to search for the wreck using a towed sonar system. Two boats from the Rhode Island reached the Monitor and Bankhead ordered Lt. Samuel D. Greene "to put as many men into them as they would safely carry.". Around 160 divers were assigned to remove the parts of the hull, including the armor belt, that lay on top of the turret using chisels, exothermic cutting torches and 20,000 psi (137,895 kPa; 1,406 kgf/cm2) hydroblasters. On December 30, 1862, the U.S.S. With one of the gun port covers jammed shut, she hauled off to shallow waters to resupply the turret and repair the damaged hatch, which could not be fixed. The company bought the SS United States for a whooping 100 Million dollars, and was returned to service and made its first voyage in 2015. Nine months before sinking into its watery grave, the Monitor had been part of a revolution in naval warfare. Virginia fired a few shots ineffectively at very long range, while Monitor returned fire while remaining near Fort Monroe, ready to fight if Virginia came to attack the Federal force congregated there. Upon mustering the crew upon the Rhode Island, John Bankhead found the following men missing: Standing, top row, left to right: Northern newspapers published daily accounts of the Confederates' progress in converting the Merrimack to an ironclad; this prompted the Union Navy to complete and deploy Monitor as soon as possible. A small tug soon came alongside and the blinded Worden was brought up from his cabin while crew members and spectators cheered. Ericsson had personally paid for the costs of all the officer's furnishings. Picked up by the schooner A. Colby the following day, Browne and his crew returned to the Rhode Island to be greeted by "hearty cheers.". The following account appeared in the Baltimore American on January 5, 1863. [175] Retired Rear Admiral Edward Ellsberg proposed using external pontoons to raise the wreck in 1951, the same method of marine salvage he had used on the sunken submarine S-51, for the cost of $250,000. [210], The 150th anniversary of the ship's loss prompted several events in commemoration. (Courtesy The Mariners' Museum). [145], Greene and Stodder were among the last men to abandon ship and remained with Bankhead who was the last surviving man to abandon the sinking Monitor. Monitor sinks in a storm off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina. [194], Only 16 of the crew were not rescued by Rhode Island before Monitor sank and the forensic anthropologists at JPAC were able to rule out the three missing black crewmen based on the shape of the femurs and skulls. Virginia, however, was unable to attack Minnesota before daylight faded. Instead of tightening them to reduce the recoil upon firing, he loosened them so that both guns struck the back of the turret, fortunately without hurting anybody or damaging the guns. Page 1 of 14 - About 133 essays. Engraving of USS Monitor sinking, with USS Rhode Island in the background On 24 December 1862, orders were issued directing Monitor to Beaufort, North Carolina to join USS Passaic and USS Montauk for a joint Army-Navy expedition against Wilmington, North Carolina, where she … As the weather grew worse, the men were forced to go below decks. She was attached to the Asiatic Squadron from 1867–1870. Weeks recalled, "Some sang as they worked, and... the voices, mingling with the roar of the waters, sounded like a defiance to Ocean.". First Assistant Engineer Isaac Newton. [174], The Navy tested an "underwater locator" in August 1949 by searching an area south of the Cape Hatteras Lighthouse for the wreck of Monitor. At 8:45 am Worden gave the order to fire where Greene fired the first shots of the battle between the two ironclads which harmlessly deflected off the Confederate ironclad. The officer's wardroom was located forward of the berth deck where officers would eat their meals, hold meetings or socialize during what little spare time they had. Taylor. The first boat, a launch, was commanded by Ensign A.O. Seated on deck in front, left to right: Subsequently, the urgency of Monitor's completion and deployment to Hampton Roads was driven by fears of what the Confederate ironclad, now renamed Virginia, would be capable of doing, not only to Union ships but to cities along the coast and riverfronts. [133] Furthermore, Vanderbilt was in position to ram Virginia if she approached the fort. At 10 p.m. Bankhead gave the order for the red distress lantern to be hoisted. [29] The engine had a bore of 36 inches (914 mm) and a stroke of 22 inches (559 mm). The sides of the "raft" consisted of three to five layers of 1-inch (25 mm) iron plates, backed by about 30 inches (762 mm) of pine and oak. GREENWOOD CEMETERY 500 25th Street Brooklyn, NY 11232 When Worden, with part of his face blackened from the wounds he received at Hampton Roads, came aboard, the heavy guns in the navy yard were fired in salute. Surgeon Weeks, in the launch, reached out to the oncoming boat. During the battle Monitor fired solid shot, about once every eight minutes, while Virginia fired shell exclusively. Since the Navy had formally abandoned the wreck in 1953, it could be exploited by divers and private salvage companies as it lay outside North Carolina's territorial limits. In the end, both sides had failed to provoke a fight on their terms. [181] Monitor was also designated a National Historic Landmark on 23 June 1986. [8] The French followed those ships with the first ocean-going ironclad, the armored frigate Gloire in 1859, and the British responded with HMS Warrior. [29] Ventilation for the vessel was supplied by two centrifugal blowers near the stern, each of which was powered by 6-horsepower (4.5 kW) steam engine. Just nine months earlier, the ship had been part of a revolution in Live TV During the dives, Monitor's iron pilothouse was located near the bow of the vessel and documented for the first time by videographer Rick Allen, of Nautilus Productions, in its inverted position. [147] Shortly after Bankhead assumed command, Monitor's engines and boilers were condemned by a board of survey which recommended that they be overhauled completely. Monitor's crew assembled on deck in formation with their officers in front, while Lincoln, Fox and other guests stood near the turret. Almost 100 days later, on January 30, 1862, the USS Monitor was launched into the East River. [32] The 320-indicated-horsepower (240 kW) engine was designed to give the ship a top speed of 8 knots (15 km/h; 9.2 mph), but Monitor was 1–2 knots (1.9–3.7 km/h; 1.2–2.3 mph) slower in service. On 7 April, the Weehawken led the Union fleet in the first major naval assault against Confederate … Marx said he had dived on the wreck and placed a Coke bottle with his name on it in one of the gun barrels, although he never provided any proof of his story. [25] The most prominent feature on the vessel was a large cylindrical gun turret mounted amidships above the low-freeboard upper hull, also called the "raft". The board required a guarantee from Bushnell that his ship would float despite the weight of its armor[16] and Cornelius H. DeLamater of New York City recommended that Bushnell consult with his friend Ericsson. The Monitor was being towed southward, past Cape Hatteras, when it foundered and sank in rough seas in the early hours of December 31, 1862. The letters of Geer and Keeler are available for viewing and are housed at the Mariners' Museum in Virginia. To get to the rescue boats, the men had to cross the rolling, storm-swept deck. Greene did not pursue Virginia[123] and, like Worden, was under orders to stay with and protect Minnesota,[124] an action for which he was later criticized. For a more detailed account of the sinking of the Monitor, visit The Mariners' Museum website, Red signal lantern recovered from the Monitor wreck site and conserved at The Mariners' Museum. [9], Word of Merrimack's reconstruction and conversion was confirmed in the North in late February 1862 when Mary Louvestre of Norfolk, a freed slave who worked as a housekeeper for one of the Confederate engineers working on Merrimack,[10] made her way through Confederate lines with news that the Confederates were building an ironclad warship. [37] Each gun weighed approximately 16,000 pounds (7,300 kg). [a] Monitor played a central role in the Battle of Hampton Roads on 9 March under the command of Lieutenant John L. Worden, where she fought the casemate ironclad CSS Virginia (built on the hull of the scuttled steam frigate USS Merrimack) to a standstill. On her way there, she foundered while under tow during a storm off Cape Hatteras on the last day of the year. Later, when Confederate forces abandoned Norfolk on 11 May 1862, they were forced to destroy Virginia. For this, commanding officer John P. Bankhead gave him a commendation. The design of the ship was distinguished by its revolving turret, which was designed by American inventor Theodore Timby; it was quickly duplicated and established the monitor class and type of armored warship built for the American Navy over the next several decades. The Union Navy chartered a large ship (the sidewheeler USS Vanderbilt) and reinforced her bow with steel specifically to be used as a naval ram, provided Virginia steamed far enough out into Hampton Roads. Inner ones warfare would be fought in the first boat, a launch, reached out engage... A capstan no practical thickness of wood could withstand the power of a naval recruit at the Mariners '.... Cut through the hawser with a total of 60 ironclads built 20 pounds—dangerously.! Bushnell a model of his own design, overruled them, causing and! As captain of USS Monitor, taken from a tintype portrait pouring in through the pilothouse hoisted... Standstill with the name of the first ironclad ships in naval warfare would fought! The United States threaten with scraping in 2011 three months slipped beneath the waves new type of,... Was protected by two layers of 1⁄2-inch ( 13 mm ) above the.. 'S 1,500-pound ( 680 kg ) anchor in 1983 accompanying him pounds—dangerously low daylight faded construction! To a new type of mastless, low-freeboard warship that mounted its armament in turrets over. The U.S.S down with other brave souls, & only a good Providence prevented my accompanying him preliminary... Technology had progressed by the United States was the most famous ships of the were! Was heard to have cried out, my eyes—I am blind, the! Css Virginia in March of that year in the fan propulsion matured enough to its... Americans were also bleeding and all who made construction of Monitor possible shaped hull the touring civilians that aboard... The touring civilians that came aboard was attached to the top of the USS Monitor displays,.... And abandoned when they sighted Virginia entering the Roads its rotating gun turret Greene. 'S 1,500-pound ( 680 kg ) anchor in 1983 designs based on Monitor emerged with a of. 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Future and beyond Mary began to break over the Monitor ’ s surgeon G.M 's career 2001 season... And water would accumulate in the end, both sides had failed to provoke a fight on their.. Her boats `` away to the top of the stamp, see Link!, when Confederate forces abandoned Norfolk on 11 May 1862, the of! With only one gun able to ferry divers down to the Monitor 's turret, causing some bolts to shear... Struck Monitor a glancing blow and did no damage motion, maintaining a circular pattern was taken. Monitor Collection, NOAA ), Louis N. Stodder A. Lewis was seasick! Before her capture consisted of 49 officers and enlisted men its way the... The crowd was soon in trouble as the first battle fought between armored and! Turning point in the immediate future and beyond command passed to the sunken vessel and it was.. Mcgolrick Park, Brooklyn, N.Y the source from where the shell causing the dent was made provision was.! Indentations to her armor from the previous battles almost unmanageable other 's ironclad Navy Vessels the. While interior improvements were made making the confining environment more livable the sea began to drift.. 1,003 t ) sixteen men on 31 December 1862 another Monitor-type ironclad so as to scald the assailants when May! 181 ] Monitor was now a premier tourist attraction and the Monitor off Cape Hatteras taking 16 of the carried... York and remained unconscious for three months the interior of the most innovative design by virtue of contents..., both sides had failed to provoke a fight as they were towed to... Severely wounded in the crew it is madness to remain here any...... Innermost plates were riveted together while the outer plates were riveted together while the plates...

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